11 junho 2009

Carta Europeia para a Liberdade de Expressão

Viviane Reding e a European Charter on Freedom of the Press:

Art. 1
Freedom of the press is essential to a democratic society. All governments should uphold, protect and respect the diversity of journalistic media in all its forms and its political, social and cultural missions.

Art. 2
Censorship must be absolutely prohibited. There must be a guarantee that independent journalism in all media is free of persecution, repression and of political or regulatory interference by government. Press and online media should not be subject to state licensing.

Art. 3
The right of journalists and media to gather and disseminate information and opinions must not be threatened, restricted or be made subject to punishment.

Art. 4
The protection of journalistic sources shall be strictly upheld. Searches of newsrooms and other premises of journalists and the surveillance or interception of journalists' communications with the aim of identifying sources of information or infringing on editorial confidentiality are unacceptable.

Art. 5
All states must ensure that the media enjoys the full protection of an independent judiciary system and the authorities while carrying out their role. This applies in particular to defending journalists and their staff from physical attack and harassment. Violations of these rights and any threats to violate these rights must be carefully investigated and punished by the judiciary.

Art. 6
The economic livelihood and independence of the media must not be endangered by the state, by state-controlled institutions or other organisations. The threat of economic sanctions is unacceptable. Private enterprise has to respect the independence of the media and refrain from exercising pressure and from trying to blur the lines between advertising and editorial content.

Art. 7
The state and state-controlled institutions shall not hinder the freedom of access of journalists and the media to information. They are obliged to support them in their mandate to provide information.

Art. 8
Media and journalists have a right to unimpeded access to all news and information sources, including those from abroad. For their reporting, foreign journalists must be provided with visas, accreditation and other required documents without delay.

Art. 9
The public of any state shall be granted free access to all national and foreign media and sources of information.

Art. 10
The state shall not restrict entry into the profession of journalism.

05 junho 2009

Redes de Nova Geração em ambiente eleitoral

O Governo apostou no desenvolvimento das Redes de Nova Geração (RNG) como "Uma revolução na Internet e na comunicação".

Porque - "com um investimento maioritariamente privado, mas induzido pelo Estado" - as RNG "nas zonas rurais garantem coesão territorial", lançou o "Primeiro concurso para Redes de comunicações de Nova Geração rurais".

"O critério que determinou os Municípios abrangidos por esta iniciativa foi a inexistência num passado recente de investimento em infra-estruturas de rede de cabo coaxial e a inexistência de investimento, por parte de operadores alternativos, em infra-estrutura própria. Os 136 Concelhos que preenchem estes requisitos situam-se:
* 31 no Alentejo
* 5 no Algarve
* 43 no Centro
* 44 no Norte
* 1 na Região Autónoma da Madeira
* 12 na Região Autónoma dos Açores".

Este anúncio data de 26 de Maio, já se estava em plena época eleitoral. É anunciado que a Zona Centro será a primeira a avançar (há uma única excepção), sendo revelados os concelhos abrangidos.

Conjugando-os com o partido vencedor nas última eleições autárquicas de 2005 (ver quadro abaixo, dados STAPE), o resultado é o seguinte:
* 27 concelhos PSD
* 14 concelhos PS (dos quais 4 onde PSD não se apresentou a votos)
* 2 concelhos PCP:


Eis as minhas dúvidas: o Governo tentou apresentar investimentos em zonas PSD, segurar as do PS ou as RNG não contam para o campeonato dos votos?

The Year the Media Died

Estado e religião devem estar separados?

Atheist nations are more peaceful: there are several possible reasons for this. It could be that people living in turbulent countries turn to religion, or it could be that religion is not a good way to structure modern society. Or it could be that some other factor or combination of factors (democracy? free speech? education? government welfare?) generates citizens who are both peaceful and non-religious.

Peace index ranks New Zealand the safest country in the world: Britain up slightly to 35th position, US up six places to 83rd while Iraq sits at the bottom of the list

Global Peace Index 2009 (Countries most at peace are ranked first.)
New Zealand
Denmark
Norway
Iceland
Austria
Sweden
Japan
Canada
Finland
Slovenia
Czech Republic
Ireland
Luxembourg
14º Portugal (2008: 7º, 2007: 9º)

04 junho 2009

A mesma capa nas quatro edições internacionais

Time Puts Twitter on Cover, at Vanguard of American Economy: It was the Japanese who would destroy us in the '80s; now it's China and India. But what actually happened to American innovation during that period? We came up with America Online, Netscape, Amazon, Google, Blogger, Wikipedia, Craigslist, TiVo, Netflix, eBay, the iPod and iPhone, Xbox, Facebook and Twitter itself. Sure, we didn't build the Prius or the Wii, but if you measure global innovation in terms of actual lifestyle-changing hit products and not just grad students, the U.S. has been lapping the field for the past 20 years.