31 agosto 2012

28 agosto 2012

Coisas que é bom saber, por quem tem contas de email nos EUA

U.S Government accused of spying on citizens, intercepting trillions of emails and phone calls: the government currently possesses copies of almost all emails sent and received in the United States

Sabedoria das multidões

Coisas que é bom saber: venda de armas em 2011

U.S. Arms Sales Make Up Most of Global Market: Weapons sales by the United States tripled in 2011 to a record high, driven by major arms sales to Persian Gulf allies concerned about Iran’s regional ambitions, according to a new study for Congress. Overseas weapons sales by the United States totaled $66.3 billion last year, or more than three-quarters of the global arms market, valued at $85.3 billion in 2011. Russia was a distant second, with $4.8 billion in deals.

26 agosto 2012

Sessão da tarde: 105 of Cinema's Most Beautiful Close-Ups

Serviço público de televisão


MISSÃO, OBJECTIVOS E OBRIGAÇÕES DE SERVIÇO PÚBLICO que, "apesar de ter uma evidente importância económica, não é comparável a um serviço público prestado noutros sectores da economia".

PUBLIC SERVICE BROADCASTING (PSB): What, then, stated positively, is public service broadcasting? As the name itself intimates, public service broadcasting is broadcasting
- made for the public
- financed by the public
- controlled by the public.

Accountability in Public Service Broadcasting: The Evolution of Promises and Assessments: For public service broadcasting, being independent from the government is fundamental.

Serviço público de radiodifusão: um estudo de direito comparado: existe um grupo de ameaças ao sucesso das emissoras publicamente mantidas e financiadas. A primeira dessas ameaças está nas tentativas em curso em muitos países onde as autoridades governamentais buscam exercer o controle sobre essas emissoras, minando a sua independência e a qualidade das notícias e da programação. [...] Uma segunda ameaça é o constante desejo que os governos têm de realizar cortes orçamentários, o que resulta em uma crescente pressão pela redução no nível de financiamento público recebido pelas emissoras públicas e, como consequência, na busca por fontes alternativas de financiamento.

Public Service Broadcasting: A Comparative Legal Survey: Three conditions are necessary for public service broadcasters to fulfil their mandate in the public interest. First, the independence of public service broadcasters must be guaranteed through appropriate structures such as pluralistic and independent governing boards. Second, public service broadcasters must be guaranteed funding which is adequate to serve the needs and interests of the public, and to promote the free flow of information and ideas. Third, public service broadcasters must be directly accountable to the public, especially as regard the discharge of their missions and the use of public resources.

Public Service Broadcasting – A Fragile, Yet Durable Construction: even the most avid Free Market Liberals are apparently beginning to have second thoughts about the notion of privatizing public service radio and television. We see this in Sweden and throughout the European Union. Several years of ”policy field experiments” have shown that one cannot treat public service radio and television like a shoe factory. Radio and television in the service of the public are at once societal and cultural institutions.
We must not lose sight of the fact that television today is the largest theatre, the most influential source of news, the prime entertainer, and the largest educational institution in the country. It has become the national stage and the national forum for information and debate. To what extent television will continue to hold this position, and not be reduced to solely an entertainment medium, is intimately bound up with the fate of the public service companies.

Public Service Broadcasting Matters: With the [New Zealand] Government stopping funding of TVNZ 7 we join Mexico as the only country outside the OECD without public service broadcasting.

Alex Salmond calls for new public service broadcaster in Scotland: The first minister said that “television forms part of our wider vision for an independent Scotland to be a fairer and more prosperous nation”. “Only then will broadcasting truly be Scotland’s window on the world – bringing us the best of international content and allowing us to show the world what Scotland can create,” he said.

Public Service Broadcasting: Proud past, interesting future? Public broadcasting was understood as government owned TV stations, to be used, as in many socialist regimes, as state information agencies. The result was inevitable: nobody watched the government stations...

POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY AND PUBLIC SERVICE BROADCASTING: the defence of PSB is nowadays the defence of one element in a mixed system of broadcasting provision. Unlike certain other kinds of case in which placing limits on the market may be proposed, what is being argued for is not the prohibition of commercial provision, but its being accompanied by public provision. It is the retention of this dual system that has been challenged by advocates of marketisation, arguing that broadcasting should become an exclusively commercial activity, though possibly subject to certain forms of regulation.

Some Reflections on Public Service Broadcasting: However, in the political controversy that arose in conjunction with “deregulation”, when the position of publicly owned media was called into question, the concept of public service broadcasting suddenly assumed such strategic importance that the question of what it actually stood for was left aside. In the context of media policy, ’public service’ was regarded almost exclusively as an institutional concern, and the problem raised was how best to legitimize publicly owned media, which, for political reasons, one wished to preserve. Consequently, it is virtually impossible to deal with the public service concept without also considering the fairly complicated political context surrounding it. [...]
The greatest threat public service media face is rather that they, themselves, in their eagerness to survive on a market that really has no use for them, will dig their own graves. For that reason it is vital that we make up our minds as to whether public service broadcasting shall continue to be counted among the objects of cultural policy, to be sustained despite market pressures, or whether it should continue to adapt to those pressures.

Reinventing public service broadcasting in Europe: prospects, promises and problems: Digitization offers yet another challenge for PSBs, since non-linear viewing habits will grow gradually. Nevertheless, the attempts of commercial competitors to limit public service broadcasting  to  the  old, analogue channels have not been successful and PSBs have a good chance of becoming trusted brands in the new ocean of news, information and opinions offered by ICTs.
The new context of public service broadcasting has an impact on all of its operations. Much more than in the past, PSBs have to legitimize their existence, both in terms of positive and explicit political and cultural purposes, and as a compensation for the market failure of private partners. [...]
Some fear that the current European public broadcasting systems will converge towards a more limited, liberal model; others believe that European diversity in media systems will continue to exist in the information society. Most important, however, is that the European concept of PSB – as a universal and comprehensive service, reflecting Europe’s cultural diversity, and independent from both the state and the market – will still be able to be put into practice throughout Europe. Only under those circumstances can European public service media remain a prominent institution and a successful content provider boosting Europe’s creative economy, and even be a model for the rest of the world.

Radical new proposals to protect long term future of Public Service Broadcasting: “In light of recent controversies, there have been questions raised about the standards of Public Service Broadcasting in Ireland. This Bill seeks to introduce measures aimed at restoring citizens' confidence in broadcasting. One such measure is the provision requiring broadcasters to provide interviewees with an unedited copy of any pre-recorded interviews, after broadcasting, which the interviewee is permitted to publish as they see fit. In an age of 'citizen journalism', it moves to restore some influence to the citizen in the balance of power with national broadcasters.

Public service broadcasting: a new beginning, or the beginning of the end?  to guarantee that the emerging information society is one where citizens can rely on a media system, at least in part, that serves them.

25 agosto 2012

Miguel Relvas e o serviço público de TV

24.Agosto.2012 - Miguel Relvas às voltas com a RTP: Miguel Relvas afirmou ser "inquestionável a existência do serviço público". "Vai existir. Tem é de ser reformulado", afirmou, em Julho

10.Abril.2012 - Relvas avisa televisões: ou se entendem ou ficam à mercê dos anunciantes: Sobre o futuro do canal público de televisão, o ministro Adjunto e dos Assuntos Parlamentares reafirma a disposição de privatizar um dos canais generalistas até ao fim do ano. “Vamos alienar um canal. Será no fim deste ano”, assegura, sem avançar qual das licenças (RTP1 ou 2) vai ser alienada.

4.Abril.2012 - Relvas muda lei para vender RTP: Miguel Relvas esclareceu que o Governo vai "alienar uma licença, não o serviço público de televisão". "Vamos ter um bom canal de serviço público", garantiu.

2.Abril.2012 - RTP e Lusa fazem bom serviço público: Para o ministro as administrações da RTP e da Lusa estão a fazer um bom trabalho. "A RTP e a Lusa tiveram resultados operacionais positivos. Ambas estão a ser bem geridas e os profissionais sentem-se estimulados. Portanto, são duas empresas que estão em reestruturação. Estão bem e recomendam-se. Estão a fazer um bom serviço público", afirmou Miguel Relvas.

6.Março.2012 - Miguel Relvas recusa que quebra de audiências da RTP prejudique a privatização: "O serviço público não é refém das audiências; é sim condicionado pela qualidade. É essa a exigência - a da qualidade - que se deve fazer a um órgão de comunicação social que é pago com os impostos dos portugueses."

11.Janeiro.2012 - Miguel Relvas: "Não há compradores pré-anunciados" da RTP: sobre interesses obscuros na intenção do Governo privatizar uma frequência da RTP, Miguel Relvas garantiu: "Asseguro a este Parlamento que o processo de alienação, que ainda não se iniciou, se pautará por critérios de isenção e de absoluta clareza de procedimentos, que afinal, permitem ao Estado e aos contribuintes terem a certeza de que o interesse público foi acautelado".
O ministro Adjunto e dos Assuntos Parlamentares assegurou ainda que "não há, como nunca poderia haver, compradores pré-anunciados e tudo o que se disser sobre essa matéria releva apenas do foro da pura especulação e demagogia política". Miguel Relvas afirmou também que "ao promover a alienação da licença de exploração de um dos canais generalistas da RTP, o Governo está não apenas a racionalizar recursos que são de todos nós, mas também a alargar o espectro das possibilidades comunicativas e, por essa via, a amadurecer e a aprofundar o pluralismo".

20.Dezembro.2011 - 'Informação será privilegiada na futura RTP', Miguel Relvas: «A informação é uma componente a privilegiar no novo modelo, seja no canal generalista da televisão pública que emitirá após o processo de alienação da licença de exploração de um dos canais actuais, seja na RTP Informação, sem dependência de publicidade comercial no primeiro caso», indicou Miguel Relvas [...] Relvas deixou expresso que «o serviço público justifica-se não em virtude de um qualquer impulso concorrencial ou conflitual mas, antes, pela aposta num registo de qualidade, de pluralismo e de diversidade assente numa boa oferta complementar».

28.Novembro.2011 - Miguel Relvas: Qualidade da RTP "dá muito medo à concorrência": Em relação às críticas do PS relativamente à oneração que os contribuintes estarão sujeitos pela reformulação do serviço público, Relvas disse não compreender os argumentos usados pois [foram os] anteriores governos a aumentar as taxas do serviço.

13.Dezembro.2010 - Miguel Relvas quer rigor na reestruturação de empresas públicas de media: «Entendemos que todas as reformas e reestruturações em empresas que são públicas e que envolvem dinheiros que têm origem nos impostos dos contribuintes não podem ser feitas à socapa, têm de ser muito rigorosas e feitas com muita seriedade, deve ser pública toda a estratégia e estudos envolvidos», disse Miguel Relvas

E se todos saltassem ao mesmo tempo?

Tornados desde 1851

Every Recorded Hurricane Since 1851 on One Map

Nuvens

24 agosto 2012

O custo de um logótipo

The Cost Of A Logo: Of course, the worth of a logo is a famously hard thing to determine. The very fact that a simple or low-key design often works far better than something intricate or brightly coloured means traditional methods for calculating how much to charge - using things like time and experience - are often thrown out the window. As such, some of the most famous logos of all time have been commissioned for next to nothing, while astronomical sums have been paid for designs most people wouldn't think about twice

Podemos voltar ao que interessa?

Um pouco de cronologia: o Público ontem revelou que “Grupo angolano cria empresa para comprar canal da RTP”. A notícia mal chega a ter impacto porque, à tarde, o Sol (detido por capitais angolanos) noticia que “Governo concessiona RTP1 e fecha RTP2” e, à noite na TVI, o assessor do primeiro-ministro, António Borges, fala de como o governo está interessado na solução que o Sol iria noticiar hoje - mas ressalvando que "há vários cenários em cima da mesa". Esta manhã, um assessor do ministro Miguel Relvas - mas não o ministro que tutela a comunicação social… - diz que é uma hipótese que pode permitir “ao Governo «reduzir os encargos públicos» com a estação de televisão, garantindo a «propriedade pública»”. O parceiro da coligação governamental CDS desmarca-se de tudo isto, com o ministro Pedro Mota Soares a comentar na SIC que não comenta assessores e comentadores mas a explicar que o assunto ainda não foi tratado ao nível do governo. (Nota: esta solução é contrária ao que o PSD defendeu no seu programa eleitoral e à que está inscrita no programa do Governo.)
Perante isto tudo (e ainda falta o Expresso amanhã…), resta uma pequena questão: na introdução da peça do Público de ontem, na versão em papel, é dito que, “No mercado, a estratégia parece ser lançar versões contraditórias sobre o interesse angolano numa frequência da RTP”. Não está na altura do responsável da comunicação social em Portugal dar a cara e esclarecer se há ou não “versões contraditórias”, se tudo se encaminha para a solução “um canal, um grupo, uma concessão de serviço público” ou se tudo não passa de uma estratégia para aumentar o valor da venda/concessão. Ou, de uma forma mais simples, se o governo tem ou não uma estratégia para a comunicação social no país.
[actualização: a RTP "está já preparada para viver sem a indemnização compensatória, transferida do Orçamento de Estado, e apenas com as receitas comerciais e com a taxa audiovisual, que no cenário avançado por António Borges será entregue ao privado que ficar com a concessão", diz Hugo Andrade, responsável pela programação da RTP.]

Water Light Graffiti

Geração barata não quer saber de casas e de carros

The Cheapest Generation: Why Millennials aren’t buying cars or houses, and what that means for the economy

21 agosto 2012

Foi assim que aconteceu... em 1992


A Vision for the Future of Newspapers — 20 Years Ago: In short, we're living through one of the most remarkable revolutions in history, the complete remaking of how we cover and consume news and information. It's difficult to remember things the way they were.
But some of us were there when that revolution began. And what a long, strange trip it's been.
The one big thing that newspaper visionaries didn’t foresee:  the rise of social media.

Mumbai : Dharavi

20 agosto 2012

Classes de aula

How Children Learn: Portraits of Classrooms Around the World

O que é o genoma humano?

Opinion: The human genome that researchers sequenced at the turn of the century doesn’t really exist as we know it.

Rápido...

Quick: Name me a digital-only publication that’s blown you away, the way the paper-based Wired did in 1992 (well, at least for some of you), or maybe Boing Boing did when you first found it online. I don’t mean a cool new website (there’s been a ton of those), but a magazine in sense of a branded package of curated, unique content, one that really speaks to you, one that is an event each time it comes out.

Pub da boa na semana dos tubarões

Quem beneficiou do euro?


Greece, Portugal and Spain really have benefitted most from the euro: What stand out are Greece, Portugal and Spain. These economies have benefited from increased standards of living under the Euro (at least, until 2010), as nominal incomes have overcome inflation pressures. There has also been a concentration on improving the lot of the lower income groups in these societies.

Atirar pedras com a mão errada

19 agosto 2012

Sessão da tarde: Heart of Coppola


August 15, 2012 is the 33rd Anniversary of the U.S. premiere of Apocalypse Now, Francis Ford Coppola's adaptation of Joseph Conrad's novella, Heart of Darkness.

A verdadeira história de Portugal

Pedro Rolo Duarte (PRD) pronuncia-se contra a história de Portugal de Rui Ramos. José Manuel Fernandes (JMF) insurge-se contra PRD porque este e outros não leram a obra mas a criticam. JMF deve conhecer bem a obra porque entrevistou o autor e a deve ter lido para o fazer. Mas esquece duas coisas: 1) já criticou sem ter lido; 2) outros já criticaram depois de ter lido. Realmente, "É o país que temos, que mais se pode dizer". Pode sempre acrescentar-se alguma coisinha: estão muito bem uns para os outros...

18 agosto 2012

Esta gente não viu o Gattaca?

Engenharia genética de bebés é uma obrigação moral: criar crianças eticamente melhores deveria ser encarado como uma "obrigação moral" de pais responsáveis.
Genetically engineering 'ethical' babies is a moral obligation, says Oxford professor: If you were having a baby, would you prefer a boy or a girl? How about a child who’s cold and unemotional or warm and empathetic? Intelligent or average? Musically gifted or tone deaf? Extroverted or introverted? Kind or selfish?
Eugenia a que o filme Gattaca respondeu em 1997.

A história de "Wish You Were Here"

Documentary of the Classic 1975 Pink Floyd Album

Métricas e impacto do jornalismo

Metrics, metrics everywhere: How do we measure the impact of journalism? If democracy would be poorer without journalism, then journalism must have some effect. Can we measure those effects in some way? While most news organizations already watch the numbers that translate into money (such as audience size and pageviews), the profession is just beginning to consider metrics for the real value of its work.

Cinemas

A Bleak Picture for Non-Digital Independent Theaters: Convert or Die: So far, 3,447 theaters have converted to digital out of 5,700 theaters in the United States [but] at some point in the next year ... it will no longer make economic sense for studios to continue to provide film prints.

17 agosto 2012

USA

Who coined 'United States of America'? It may seem surprising, but nobody is really sure who came up with the phrase “United States of America”.

Relevância em 2017

Newspaper Executives: ‘We’re Still Relevant’: 25 percent of newspaper executives believe the industry will be more relevant five years from now than it is today. A full half think it will be equally relevant, and only about 16 percent say it will be less relevant.

Lá como cá: How Paris Is Killing French Industry

French Industrial Policies Are Aiding Rapid Decline of Peugeot: French carmaker Peugeot is fighting for its survival. But, by keeping its plants in-country and supporting wage hikes, the government is ignoring the rules of survival in the age of globalization. In the end, the workers it is trying to help might be the biggest losers.

Credibilidade dos media em declínio

Research on the declining credibility of established news organizations – this creates opportunities for new ones : There is no question that as we experience an increasing profusion of information, there is a very real and greater value to having trusted brands to help filter the overload.
Established media organizations are especially loud in proclaiming the value to users of media brands. However the picture changes if the credibility of those news organizations is eroding.

Alexey Bednij

Shadow Photography

Quanto vale um corpo?

How much is a body worth?: For the most part, it's illegal to sell your body in Britain. But, in fact, there are various legal ways human body parts can be sold that don't involve waking up in a bath of ice with a kidney missing.

Twitter's

What the World Tweets, And From Where

O acto de ver

Your Future TV Is Not About Tele-Vision: The word is a combination of tele--from the Greek meaning "far"--and vision, from the Latin word visionem, which means "the act of seeing." Call it remote viewing, if you're a sci-fi type, but "television" has until very recently meant one thing only: It's a one-way window into another world. That's very swiftly about to change.

Há?


Is There a Limit to How Tall Buildings Can Get?  Will this race ever stop? Not in the foreseeable future, at least. But there has to be some sort of end point, some highest possible height that a building can reach. There will eventually be a world's tallest building that is unbeatably the tallest, because there has to be an upper limit. Right?

16 agosto 2012

Mobilidade em destaque na Time

Your Life Is Fully Mobile: We walk, talk and sleep with our phones. But are we more — or less — connected?

GIFs do Calvin & Hobbes

Calvin & Hobbes GIFs

Desde 1994 que a SIC tem...

uma reportagem sobre drones em Portugal - só faltou a Cândida Pinto sonorizá-la, depois de vista e aprovada também pelo Alcides Vieira. Agora, um press release surge na Visão revista do Correio da Manhã de 22 de Julho passado e na SIC (Edição de 15-08-2012, a partir dos 11 minutos), e afinal o que falta nesta tecnologia por cá é a inteligência artificial... Realmente, não é só essa inteligência que falta.

A Internet também serve para isto

5 Ways the Internet Convinced Me Not to Vote: #4. They Don't Support the Candidate They Like - They Only Bash the One They Hate

Uma boa questão

Can you smuggle a person in diplomatic mail?:Writing about the ongoing Julian Assange standoff at the Ecuadorean embassy in London yesterday, I wondered if it would be possible to smuggle the Wikileaks founder out of the country via diplomatic mail, if the British government refuses to grant him permission to leave.

O fim da diplomacia

The Trails of Julian Assange: The End of Diplomacy?: Julian Assange, who has been granted asylum by Ecuador but remains in limbo in the Ecuadorian embassy in London, has been on trial for some time in the court of public opinion.

Impressão 3D

Stop Motion Hollywood Film Uses 3D Printed Characters To Show Over 31,000 Human Emotions: It serves as a great example of how 3D printing will be scaled through the entertainment industry and by future animators. How will 3D printing grow should it deepen its relationship to the production process?

Transparência radical e Assange

Radical Transparency 1, Britain 0: Assange Granted Asylum: Techno-anarchist Julian Assange has been granted asylum by Ecuador, guaranteeing his bleak safety in their dark UK embasssy against British authorities who are salivating to extradite the Wikileaks editor to Sweden where he faces charges of sexual assault.

DNA ultrapassa digital

Book written in DNA code: Scientists who encoded the book say it could soon be cheaper to store information in DNA than in conventional digital devices

Locais de capas de álbuns

Real Locations of Iconic Album Covers

06 agosto 2012

Português na lógica "Language X is essentially language Y under conditions Z"

Portuguese is essentially bad Spanish, mumbled.
--Eugene Holman
Portuguese is essentially Spanish spoken through ill-fitting dentures.
--Not Roger Mills
Portuguese is essentially the language spoken by Gallegos who decided to have their own independent country.
--Ivan C. Amaya
Portuguese is essentially Spanish while eating a hot potato.
--Mike Taylor
Ergo Portuguese is essentially Danish posing as a Romance language.
--Benct Philip Jonsson
Portuguese is essentially Spanish spoken while on Viagra™.
--Danny Wier
Brazilian is essentially Latin without consonants.
--Paulo Rónai (via Luís Henrique)
Portuguese is essentially Brazilian without vowels.
--Luís Henrique
Portuguese is essentially Spanish as spoken by a Russian.
--Peter Clark
Azorean Portuguese is essentially your Mainland Portuguese as spoken with puckered lips.
--ilvi
Portuguese is nothing more than Spanish as spoken by people who wannabe French.
--Javier de la Rosa
Gallego is essentially Portuguese as suppressed by Francisco Franco (a wannabe Castilian).
--Javier de la Rosa
Brazilian is essentially Spanish spoken by Portuguese hot babes with rhythm.
--Javier de la Rosa
Brazilian is essentially a conlang created by people who wanted to have sex all the time, but still be able to talk about everyday things.
--alleszermalmer
Portuguese and Galician are hayseed dialects of Spanish.
--Brian
They say if you're speaking bad Spanish, you're speaking Portuguese but I didn't find that to be true!
--Brian
Portuguese is Spanish spoken with a French accent. (Not really true since the nasals in Portuguese are different than those in French.)
--Brian
Portuguese is essentially a kind of contact language formed from Spanish and... more Spanish!
--Maria
To a Galician speaker, Portuguese sounds like a kind of Galician with most vowels left out, whereas to a Portuguese speaker Galician may sometimes sound like Portuguese with a Spanish accent.
--Anonymous
Portuguese is Spanish spoken by a drunken Frenchman.
--vacapinta
Portuguese (Brazilian) is Spanish without bones.
--Carlos Quevedo
To a Galician speaker, Portuguese sounds like a kind of Galician with most vowels left out, whereas to a Portuguese speaker Galician may sometimes sound like Portuguese with a Spanish accent.
--John Cowan
Portuguese is essentially bad Latin that Spaniards cannot understand.
--Humberto Ribeiro
Portuguese is Italian spoken by someone on sedatives.
--Ken Westmoreland
Portuguese is essentially like a kind of Galician with most vowels left out.
--Anonymous Wikipedian
Contrariwise, Galician is essentially Portuguese with a Spanish accent.
--Anonymous Wikipedian
Portuguese is essentially hard core Galician.
--Ivan C. Amaya
Brazilian is essentially Portuguese with bossa rhythm.
--Ivan C. Amaya
Portuguese is essentially Spanish that's ashamed of its heritage, so it passes itself off as a Slavic language.
--Bill Van
Portuguese is essentially a dialect of Spanish that managed to score an army and a navy.
--Leonardo Boiko
Portuguese is essentially heavily mutated vulgar soldier's Latin, as spoken by prescriptive purists obsessed with "preserving the correct language".
--Leonardo Boiko
Portuguese is essentially Spanish.
--Leonardo Boiko
Brazilian Portuguese is essentially Spanish.
--Sili
Portuguese is essentially Spanish that's been left out in the rain all night.
--Paul Clarke
 in Essentialist Explanations

02 agosto 2012

Paola Antonelli

Senior Curator in the Department of Architecture and Design at The Museum of Modern Art. In this talk she presents her new slogan, Designers on Top.