16 outubro 2021

The Dutch government said it would use its intelligence or military services to counter cyber-attacks, including ransomware attacks, that threaten its national security. https://therecord.media/netherlands-can-use-intelligence-or-armed-forces-to-respond-to-ransomware-attacks/
Where will the EU’s Strategic Compass point? https://epthinktank.eu/2021/10/07/where-will-the-eus-strategic-compass-point/
MEPs call for a comprehensive set of measures and a coherent IT policy, as well as improved military cyber defence coordination, to strengthen EU cyber resilience. Set a Joint Cyber Unit for improved information sharing within the EU Joint responses to cyberattacks and imposition of sanctions against hostile actors Systemic aggressive behaviour particularly by China, Russia and North Korea https://www.europarl.europa.eu/news/en/press-room/20210930IPR13930/meps-demand-common-eu-cyber-defensive-capabilities

15 outubro 2021

Cloudflare is not liable for the copyright infringement of websites that use its content-delivery and security services, a federal judge ruled https://arstechnica.com/tech-policy/2021/10/cloudflare-doesnt-have-to-cut-off-copyright-infringing-websites-judge-rules/
These are the global innovation powerhouses of 2021 https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2021/10/global-innovation-powerhouses-2021/ Switzerland continues to be ranked as the most innovation-friendly country in the world. More than half of the R&D top 20 are European economies and five are Asian. China is outperforming many others where IP is concerned but lags behind in other key areas.
In the past two years the Chinese government, which has long pursued a security-centred approach to data, has been defining its own data governance regime. This Brief aims to shed light on China’s approach to data governance and outlines the challenges that it presents for EU governments and companies, particularly with regard to the risk of data protectionism. https://www.iss.europa.eu/content/chinas-data-strategy

14 outubro 2021

On 5 October, following a significant push from across civil society, the European Parliament voted to adopt an important new report on Artificial intelligence in criminal law and its use by the police and judicial authorities in criminal matters by a promising majority of 377 votes in favour, to 248 against. This followed a tense vote earlier as a majority of MEPs opposed all four attempts from the European People's Party (EPP) to remove key fundamental rights provisions from the report. https://edri.org/our-work/celebrating-a-strong-european-parliament-stance-on-ai-in-law-enforcement/
In April 2021, the European Commission released proposed legislation that would regulate all uses of artificial intelligence (AI) within the European Union. The draft law is far more comprehensive in nature than any under consideration by China or the United States – the countries that are home to most AI research and development globally – and appears to be an attempt by Brussels to influence the development of AI technology by leveraging its regulatory expertise and the market power of EU member states. https://www.iiss.org/publications/strategic-comments/2021/the-eu-approach-to-artificial--intelligence

LEO, o robô caminhante e voador

Investigadores do Caltech desenvolveram um robô bípede que junta as capacidades de andar e voar, explicado num artigo científico que foi a capa da mais recente edição da Science Robotics. “Inspirámo-nos na natureza. Pense-se em como os pássaros são capazes de bater as asas e pular para andar nos cabos telefónicos”, explica Soon-Jo Chung, um […]
A company that is a critical part of the global telecommunications infrastructure used by AT&T, T-Mobile, Verizon and several others around the world such as Vodafone and China Mobile, quietly disclosed that hackers were inside its systems for years, impacting more than 200 of its clients and potentially millions of cellphone users worldwide. https://www.vice.com/en/article/z3xpm8/company-that-routes-billions-of-text-messages-quietly-says-it-was-hacked
Catalyst recommends the following four steps to create a remote working environment where all employees can thrive: Create remote-work policies that detail expectations for employees, managers, and teams; Upskill managers on empathy and managing remote teams inclusively; Invest in programmes for employees who need additional childcare options; Normalise empathic listening through regular check-ins and other opportunities to share life and work experiences. https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2021/10/remote-work-productivity-burnout/

13 outubro 2021

Integração do hardware, software e conteúdos numa TV

Comprar um televisor como se compra um telemóvel, integrando os necessários hardware, software e conteúdos. É esta a estratégia do Sky Glass, um novo serviço que a operadora Sky vai lançar a partir de 18 de Outubro no Reino Unido, seguindo-se outros mercados europeus em 2022. (Em Portugal, a Meo tem uma proposta semelhante com […]

Igualdade de género e transição digital

Fonte: A Igualdade de Género em Números
Estonia has built digital public infrastructure that delivers automated and reusable government services in a human-centric, secure and private way; How Estonia has created these public services can be applied to local and global efforts; From collaborating with other digital nations to how to deal with legacy challenges, here's how Estonia has built and sustained its digital services, even during the COVID-19 pandemic. https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2021/10/how-to-build-digital-public-infrastructure-estonia/
we're launching #BeCyberSmart, a campaign championed by the National Cyber Security Alliance (NCSA) and industry-leading experts on how we can all create a culture of cybersecurity. We're also continuing our commitment to uplift the next generation of leaders, because securing a platform that brings joy to over 1 billion people is a job that's never done. https://newsroom.tiktok.com/en-us/becybersmart-cybersecurity-awareness-champions
Digitization of urban economies and hybrid working are two developments that will require changes to the physical infrastructure of cities. Success depends on it. Cities are evolving from a focus on corporations, commuters and consumption to a focus on habitat, innovation and experience. A city’s attractiveness won’t be based on tax policy and corporate presence, but on amenities, experience, talent and people. https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2021/10/urban-city-future-success-hybrid-digital-redesign-infrastructure/

07 outubro 2021

A caminho da sociedade quântica

Fonte: How the world can prepare for quantum-computing cyber risks 
Why did Facebook go down? https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2021/oct/05/facebook-outage-what-went-wrong-and-why-did-it-take-so-long-to-fix

06 outubro 2021

Ricardo Conde foi o candidato escolhido para ocupar o cargo de presidente da Agência Espacial Portuguesa https://ptspace.pt/pt/novo-presidente-da-agencia-espacial-portuguesa-eleito-em-assembleia-geral/
ANSOL organiza ciclo de apresentações onde serão analisados os últimos 20 anos do Software Livre em Portugal e discutidos os próximos 20 anos. Contará com a presença do actual e dos antigos presidentes da associação e com a presença de Matthias Kirschner, actual presidente da Free Software Foundation Europe. Estarão também presentes representantes de várias associações nacionais como a D3 - Defesa dos Direitos Digitais, ANPRI - Associação Nacional de Professores de Informática e a Wikimedia Portugal. O evento será online, de entrada gratuita e sem necessidade de registo prévio. https://ansol.org/20anos.

Lixo electrónico e direito a reparar

Fonte: Visualizing Our Addiction to Electronics
"Internet Archive's 2046 Wayforward Machine says Google will cease to exist..." The Internet Archive has launched a campaign against tech regulation by setting up a Wayforward Machine, semi-parodying its famous Wayback Machine archiving site. The Wayforward Machine paints a picture of the internet in 2046 – smeared with censorship, regulation, governmental interference, and more. https://www.theregister.com/2021/10/01/internet_archive_wayforward_machine/

05 outubro 2021

There can be no doubt that the pandemic and the associated worker shortage are accelerating the drive toward deploying artificial intelligence, robotics and other forms of automation. In the UK, the trend is being further amplified as Brexit’s impact on the workforce becomes evident. However, the reality is that most of these technologies are unlikely to arrive in time to offer a solution to the immediate challenges faced by employers. https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2021/oct/02/robots-stealing-jobs-labour-shortages-artificial-intelligence-covid
"a tua cara não é um código de barras"? A ler no TICtank #70
start campus and EllaLink have just signed an agreement to promote Sines into the world. https://www.linkedin.com/posts/start-campus_start-campus-e-ellalink-activity-6849315868606787585-udxR/
The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) has released its 2021 Global Innovation Index. The 2021 index has found that innovation is still blossoming in some sectors despite the global economic slowdown and coronavirus pandemic. Switzerland topped the rankings with a score of 65.5 out of 100, the eleventh time it has been named the world leader in innovation. https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2021/09/worlds-most-innovative-countries-innovation/

04 outubro 2021

Can You See Me Now? A Measurement Study of Zoom, Webex, and Meet https://arxiv.org/pdf/2109.13113.pdf
Projeto de Resolução 1458/XIV/3 : Recomenda ao Governo português que alargue o prazo de consulta pública da Avaliação Ambiental do Programa de Prospeção e Pesquisa de Lítio https://www.parlamento.pt/ActividadeParlamentar/Paginas/DetalheIniciativa.aspx?BID=121139

Smartphones em pinturas antigas – é isto uma prova de viajantes no tempo?

Embora alguns considerem as seguintes observações pelo seu valor de prova confiável de que viajantes do tempo apareceram no passado, a maioria das pessoas não o faz. Há, no entanto, um ponto mais sério no final [deste texto]. A verdadeira resposta revela algo bastante fundamental sobre a experiência e a vida humana. A essência deste […]
Some of the world’s largest publishers have come together to tackle the growing problem of image manipulation in scientific papers. They have developed a three-tier classification system that editors can use to flag suspicious content, and detailed, step-by-step instructions on how to deal with doctored images. https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-021-02610-7

03 outubro 2021

Autoriza o Governo a transpor a Diretiva (UE) 2019/790, relativa aos direitos de autor e direitos conexos no mercado único digital https://www.parlamento.pt/ActividadeParlamentar/Paginas/DetalheIniciativa.aspx?BID=121135
through our Building Opportunities/Leveraging Technology (BOLT) program. In its first year, the BOLT grant program aims to support teams of creatives, technologists, researchers, and social/cultural workers to develop innovative solutions to Internet connectivity, particularly among communities where current technologies are unavailable or inaccessible. Grants of up to $200,000 will be awarded for projects lasting up to 12 months. https://www.isocfoundation.org/2021/09/announcing-new-innovation-grants-to-address-the-internet-connectivity-gap/
Ranked: The Top 10 Richest People on the Planet https://www.visualcapitalist.com/top-10-richest-people-worldwide-2021/
They were joint founders of the Web Summit, the largest technology conference in the world. But now Paddy Cosgrave and David Kelly have fallen out and found themselves on opposite sides in a High Court dispute. Manders Terrace, a holding company behind the Web Summit whose majority shareholder is Cosgrave, has lodged a High Court action against Kelly. The case relates directly to a dispute between Cosgrave, who owns 81 per cent of Manders Terrace, and Kelly, who owns almost 12 per cent. Daire Hickey, the third founder of the annual tech summit, owns the remaining 7 per cent. https://www.thetimes.co.uk/article/web-summit-founders-in-legal-row-nw6h57lws

02 outubro 2021

GPS has transformed everything from driving to search and rescue. But it currently relies on government-run satellites that have trouble peering into canyons and forests—and which can be targeted by enemy countries. Now, engineers have demonstrated rudimentary location tracking by eavesdropping on signals sent by internet satellites. If refined to GPS levels of accuracy, the approach could help scientists who use GPS to track animals and earthquakes. https://www.science.org/content/article/scientists-create-their-own-gps-spying-internet-satellites
ANACOM aprovou propor ao Governo: - a aplicação de uma mensalidade de 5 euros (6,15 euros com IVA à taxa de 23%) para o serviço de acesso à Internet em banda larga, considerando-se que esse valor permite ir ao encontro do objetivo de garantia da acessibilidade do preço para os consumidores com baixos rendimentos ou com necessidades sociais especiais para o referido serviço; - a fixação de um preço máximo de 21,45 euros (26,38 euros com IVA à taxa de 23%) como contrapartida pela ativação do serviço, e/ou de equipamentos de acesso, nomeadamente routers. ANACOM efetuou uma reponderação das medidas projetadas no sentido provável de decisão de 12.08.2021, aumentando a velocidade mínima de download de 10 Mbps para 30 Mbps e de upload de 1 de Mbps para 3 Mbps e o valor mínimo de tráfego mensal a incluir na oferta de 12 GB para 30 GB. https://www.anacom.pt/render.jsp?contentId=1705201
This Report demonstrates that the investment in highly specialized and technological Competence Centres has been particularly relevant in Portugal and has shown a steep growth in the latest years. It includes as well the analysis and testimonies of companies that invested in Portugal, namely, Alten, Amgen, BMW, CI&T, HCL Technologies, Hitachi Vantara, Lockwood Publishing, Metyis, Nfon, Springer Nature, Tridonic and Webhelp. https://portugalglobal.pt/EN/InvestInPortugal/Pages/portugal-top-tech-destination.aspx

01 outubro 2021

Which Companies Use the Most Green Energy? https://www.visualcapitalist.com/ranked-the-50-companies-that-use-the-highest-percentage-of-green-energy/
YouTube : Elections misinformation policies https://support.google.com/youtube/answer/10835034 https://youtu.be/YpR7CR8D8LE

Estamos a exagerar o poder da desinformação?

Nós, jornalistas, assumimos que é um problema, mas muitos dados independentes dizem que não. Para mim, o alarme começou a soar quando vi o artigo na First Draft a desacreditar uma história da [revista] Rolling Stone que retratava os “anti-vaxers” [anti-vacinas] como peões dos teóricos da conspiração de direita. Os “anti-vaxers” estavam a tomar um […]
A hamster named Mr. Goxx has been trading cryptocurrencies in a rigged box since June. The hamster determines which crypto to buy or sell by running on a wheel and strolling through one of two tunnels. Since it started trading on June 12, Goxx's crypto portfolio returned 24% as of Friday. https://markets.businessinsider.com/news/currencies/hamster-trading-cryptocurrencies-rigged-cage-goxx-bitcoin-price-ether-doge-2021-9

30 setembro 2021

Enquêter sur l’environnement est particulièrement dangereux dans les pays du Sud. Cibles privilégiées de puissants intérêts économiques et politiques, les journalistes vivant dans des pays en développement sont en climat hostile et meurent souvent en silence, loin des phares médiatiques occidentaux. https://gijn.org/2021/09/15/francais-enquete-environnement-risques/
Liberdade e pluralismo dos meios de comunicação social: lançamento do projeto de monitorização da propriedade dos meios de comunicação social A Comissão deu hoje início ao programa Euromedia Ownership Monitor (Monitor da propriedade dos meios de comunicação social), financiado pela UE. O monitor, coordenado pela Universidade Paris-Lodron de Salzburgo, proporcionará uma base de dados por país com informações sobre a propriedade dos meios de comunicação social, e avaliará sistematicamente os quadros jurídicos pertinentes e identificará possíveis riscos para a transparência da propriedade dos meios de comunicação social. Este novo instrumento irá contribuir para as avaliações políticas e regulamentares e iniciativas destinadas a apoiar a liberdade e o pluralismo dos meios de comunicação social. O instrumento vai identificar quem detém a propriedade dos meios de comunicação social, tornando mais visíveis os potenciais problemas de concentração destas empresas e aumentando, assim, a compreensão do mercado dos meios de comunicação social. O montante do apoio da UE ao projeto é de um milhão de euros, com uma duração até setembro de 2022. Além disso, será publicado um segundo convite à apresentação de propostas nas próximas semanas. https://digital-strategy.ec.europa.eu/en/funding/call-proposals-media-ownership-monitor “EurOMo – Euromedia Ownership Monitor” é o nome do novo projeto do CECS que procura monitorizar a propriedade dos média a nível europeu. http://www.cecs.uminho.pt/entrevista-novo-projeto-do-cecs-coordenado-por-elsa-costa-e-silva/

As apps mais usadas

Fonte: The World’s Most Used Apps, by Downstream Traffic
The startup music platform AiMi is using AI to help human DJs generate an endless stream of unique electronic music. https://www.axios.com/aimi-artificial-intelligence-music-playlists-57891c7e-8636-4a11-9725-02c8eb4187cc.html
Highlights • A comprehensive granular account of the rate of technological change. • Predicted improvement rates for 1757 domains containing 97.2% of US patent system. • Improvement rates are not uniformly distributed across and within categories. • Fastest improving domains are predominantly software-related. • Online system for searching domains and improvement rates based on keywords. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0048733321000950

29 setembro 2021

Starting in 2030, California will require all light-duty autonomous vehicles that operate in the state to emit zero emissions. Signed into law by Governor Gavin Newsom on Thursday, SB 500 represents the latest effort by the state to limit the sale of new internal combustion vehicles with an eye towards reducing greenhouse emissions. https://www.engadget.com/california-zero-emissions-autonomous-vehicles-2030-162009922.html

Olhar para um futuro tecnológico

what if we could express a photographic vision in an algorithm we could use when capturing images? https://www.peterkrantz.com/2021/algorithmic-photography/
it’s impossible to represent a round object on a flat surface without imposing some major distortions. But the concept has perhaps never been as clearly or amusingly demonstrated as in this stop-motion animation from 1947. https://aeon.co/videos/there-are-many-ways-to-make-a-flat-map-of-the-world-each-of-them-a-unique-distortion

28 setembro 2021

These excerpts reflect mounting caseloads and vaccination progress. https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2021/09/the-covid-19-pandemic-in-visuals/
California Governor Gavin Newsom signed a bill into law that will bar "mega-retailers" like Amazon, from firing warehouse workers for missing quotas https://interestingengineering.com/amazon-has-to-disclose-how-its-algorithms-judge-workers-per-a-new-california-law
The monastery seemed to back the two monks’ assessment, if not their acts of zealotry. “The waves are very harmful for health, and they wanted to act for the well-being of humanity,” a spokeswoman for the monks told regional newspaper Le Progres. But she said the arson was “an isolated act and an error of youth”. The pair are 39 and 40 years old. https://www.thelocal.com/20210922/two-french-monks-charged-with-torching-5g-mobile-network-masts/
Big Data – the availability of diverse amounts of information from internal and external processes – is set to drive innovation and profits within the manufacturing sector. But are all factories set up to gain from it? https://www.themanufacturer.com/articles/who-is-most-likely-to-prosper-from-big-data/

27 setembro 2021

Technology, telecoms and social media companies should take more responsibility for stopping scams as the problem reaches “epidemic proportions”, the UK’s biggest building society has warned. Cases of authorised push-payment fraud, where victims are persuaded to pay money into a criminal’s account, have risen sharply since the Covid pandemic began, with banks last week revealing that losses from such scams were up by 71% in the first half of the year. https://www.theguardian.com/money/2021/sep/27/scam-epidemic-big-tech-firms-must-join-fight-says-nationwide-chief
Google's 23rd Birthday https://www.google.com/doodles/googles-23rd-birthday Google Turns 23: Here Are 10 Things You Probably Didn't Know About The Internet Giant https://www.ndtv.com/offbeat/google-turns-23-here-are-10-things-you-probably-didnt-know-about-google-2555079 Today's Google Doodle Celebrates 23 Years of the Search Engine https://www.newsweek.com/september-27-2021-doodle-23-years-google-anniversary-celebrate-search-engine-internet-1632862

Potenciais sucessos e fraquezas da inteligência artificial

O campo da inteligência artificial (IA) teve um progresso notável nos últimos cinco anos e está a causar um impacto real no mundo das pessoas, instituições e cultura. A capacidade dos programas de computador de executarem tarefas sofisticadas de processamento de imagem e de linguagem, problemas centrais que impulsionaram esta disciplina desde o seu nascimento […]

25 setembro 2021

News Consumption Across Social Media in 2021 https://www.pewresearch.org/journalism/2021/09/20/news-consumption-across-social-media-in-2021/
Da visão de um mundo com AI aos robôs que não podem ser "falsificados", no
A Farfetch e o Castro Groupo realizam hoje a cerimónia de apresentação pública do Fuse Valley. O projeto consiste num vale tecnológico assinado pelo gabinete do arquiteto dinamarquês Bjarke Ingels e tem conclusão prevista para 2025. https://executivedigest.sapo.pt/fuse-valley-vale-tecnologico-de-escritorios-inovadores-e-apresentado-hoje/ https://castro-group.pt/projects/fuse-valley/
“They use a computer one way, and we use a computer another way. That’s where the problem is starting.” https://www.theverge.com/22684730/students-file-folder-directory-structure-education-gen-z

24 setembro 2021

A Proposal to leverage Article 17 to build a public repository of Public Domain and openly licensed works http://copyrightblog.kluweriplaw.com/2021/09/23/a-proposal-to-leverage-article-17-to-build-a-public-repository-of-public-domain-and-openly-licensed-works/

O problema do lixo electrónico com as Bitcoin

Investigadores na revista Resources, Conservation and Recycling chamam-lhe “Bitcoin’s growing e-waste problem“. A abordagem não é sobre quanta energia é usada pelas criptomoedas ou se consome mesmo muita energia – o consumo já é maior este ano do que no total de 2020 e são gastos actualmente 110 Terawatts/hora por ano ou 0,55% da produção […]
O Tribunal Geral nega provimento ao recurso da Altice Europe contra a decisão da Comissão que lhe aplicou duas coimas no montante total de 124,5 milhões de euros no âmbito da aquisição da PT Portugal No entanto, decreta a redução de 6,22 milhões de euros do montante da coima relativa ao incumprimento da obrigação de notificar a concentração à Comissão https://curia.europa.eu/jcms/upload/docs/application/pdf/2021-09/cp210160pt.pdf
Comunicado do Conselho de Ministros de 23 de setembro de 2021 5. Foi aprovada uma proposta de lei de autorização legislativa, a submeter à Assembleia da República, que autoriza o Governo, a legislar designadamente em matéria de direitos de autor e direitos conexos, com o intuito de transpor, para a ordem jurídica interna, a da Diretiva 2019/790 do Parlamento Europeu e do Conselho, relativa aos direitos de autor de direitos conexos no mercado único digital. 6. Foi aprovada uma proposta de lei de autorização legislativa, a submeter à Assembleia da República, que autoriza o Governo a legislar em matéria de direitos de autor e direitos conexos, com o intuito de transpor a Diretiva (UE) 2019/789 do Parlamento Europeu e do Conselho, que estabelece normas sobre o exercício dos direitos de autor e direitos conexos aplicáveis a determinadas transmissões em linha dos organismos de radiodifusão e à retransmissão de programas de televisão e de rádio. https://www.portugal.gov.pt/pt/gc22/governo/comunicado-de-conselho-de-ministros?i=445

23 setembro 2021

"85% dos utilizadores inquiridos em Portugal utilizam estas ferramentas diariamente para pesquisar informação: 43% numa frequência de 1 a 5 vezes por dia e 28% mais de 10 vezes por dia. [H]á gerações que estão mais à vontade com a pesquisa online do que outras. Os Baby Boomers são a geração que mais desconhece estas dicas de otimização (72%), seguindo-se a Geração X (61%), enquanto a Geração Z e os Millenials são as únicas faixas etárias a manifestarem mais conhecimento do que desconhecimento destes truques: 58% e 57% revelam que sabem como otimizar a sua pesquisa, respetivamente". https://portugal.googleblog.com/2021/09/como-pesquisam-os-portugueses.html Estudo contou com 607 inquiridos (54% do sexo feminino), sem data do inquérito.
If AI is the problem, is debiasing the solution? https://edri.org/our-work/if-ai-is-the-problem-is-debiasing-the-solution/ The development and deployment of artificial intelligence (AI) in all areas of public life have raised many concerns about the harmful consequences on society, in particular the impact on marginalised communities. EDRi's latest report "Beyond Debiasing: Regulating AI and its Inequalities", authored by Agathe Balayn and Dr. Seda Gürses, argues that policymakers must tackle the root causes of the power imbalances caused by the pervasive use of AI systems. In promoting technical ‘debiasing’ as the main solution to AI driven structural inequality, we risk vastly underestimating the scale of the social, economic and political problems AI systems can inflict.
Company behind website says it takes the issue seriously, but moderators say problems persist https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/edmonton/misinformation-alberta-reddit-unmanageable-moderators-1.6179120